7x5mm Sapphire Pendant

In stock
Quick Overview

7x5mm blue Sapphire gemstone set in a sterling silver prong setting. Included with this pendant is an 18" sterling silver chain.

Location: East Africa

More Information

The word sapphire comes from the Greek translation for blue and was used in ancient times to describe any blue stone, often lapis lazuli. Around 1800 it was discovered that sapphires are a gem variety of corundum, the other being ruby. Corundum is a hard stone, rating a 9 on the Moh’s scale, making it the second hardest natural mineral. Its chemical composition is aluminum oxide. The many colors in which corundum occurs are due to the presence of other trace minerals. Blue coloration is caused by the presence of titanium and iron, a violet stone is colored by vanadium, and slight iron content produces a yellow stone. Pink is caused by chromium, and iron plus vanadium results in orange stones. Colored sapphires are referred to as Fancy Sapphires in the gem trade. It is common in the gem trade that sapphires are enhanced by traditional heating methods and sometime diffusion to produce, intensify or lighten color and/or improve clarity.