is a natural creation, formed by multiple thin layers of aragonite on Ammonites, 'a shelled sea animal similar to a nautilus', creating a beautiful display of iridescent color rivaling that of fine opal. These special pieces are highly valued because of their rarity in locality and quality. There is only a small area of the St. Mary River, in southwestern Alberta, Canada, where the world's commercial supply of Ammolite comes from. Only two companies mine the Ammolite there from the Bearpaw Formation. Ammolite began forming in the Bearpaw Formation 70-75 million years ago when the Earth's forces were creating the Rocky Mountains. At the time, the area on the east side of the mountains was the Western Interior Seaway. Rains falling on the eastern side of the mountains washed sediment into the seaway, which became the bedrock of the Bearpaw Formation. Ammonites, an extinct sea animal similar to Nautilus, lived in the waters of the Western Interior Seaway. When those ammonites died, they sank to the bottom of the sea and were covered with sediment which over time became the iridescent Ammolite we see today. Ammolite was officially recognized as a gemstone In 1981. and in 2004 it was named the official gemstone of the Province of Alberta. Ammolite is very fragile, and good quality is difficult to come by. For use in jewelry, Ammolites are often treated similarly to opal, and will be made into a doublet or a triplet. Doublets of Ammolite are often backed with shale or siderite, and triplets are backed like doublets but also topped with a transparent cover such as quartz, for protection and stability. Ammolites are beautiful specimens, and a great conversation piece and a classic example of art created by Mother Nature.
Ammonites are an extinct group of marine animals in the Cephalopoda class. They are invertebrates and are more closely related to coleoids (squids, octopus, and cuttlefish) than they were to the chambered nautilus, even though they looked much more similar to the later. The name Ammonite was derived from "ammonis cornua," translated to mean Horns of Ammon. Ammon was an Egyptian god that was typically depicted wearing ram horns, whose spiraled shape is similar to that of an Ammonite. Ammonites first appeared in the oceans during the Devonian Period, some 400 million years ago. They died out around 65.5 million years ago along with the dinosaurs.